Recently a reputable wilderness therapist presented on the effectiveness of wilderness therapy at the American Psychology Association conference. Upon his return he shared his presentation was grouped in the same category as dance therapy! This is an amusing illustration of the confusion in defining wilderness therapy. A growing number of behavioral healthcare professionals are asking what should and shouldn’t be considered “wilderness therapy.” With interpretations ranging from boot camp to adventure trips there is an obvious need for a clear definition of wilderness therapy. A clear definition provides universal understanding of what wilderness therapy is and the extensive benefits gained from it.